Lobster Facts

sea lobster

Lobsters are marine animals of the decapod crustacean order. This is a valuable commercial species, the meat of which at all times was considered a true delicacy. In fact, the lobster is a marine crayfish, which differs from the latter in its huge pincer limbs and large size.

american lobster

1. American lobsters are most abundant in coastal waters from Maine through New Jersey and are also common offshore out to depths of 2,300 feet from Maine through Virginia.
2. American lobsters have a long life span. Scientists believe some American lobsters may live to be 100 years old.
3. Commercial harvest in 2012 totaled 150 million pounds. Maine and Massachusetts produces over 90 percent of the total U.S. American lobster harvest. The peak harvest season extends from May to November.
4. Lobster meat is mild and sweet. Lobster is low in saturated fat and is a very good source of protein.
5. Lobsters can re-grow lost limbs which is probably a good thing seeing as there is a lot of competition amongst predators in the open seas. It may take up to 5 years for a lobster’s claw to grow to the same size as it was before but it is possible.
6. Female lobsters bear between 6,000 and 100,000 eggs. Fishery and conservation laws in most New England states, prevent fishermen from keeping egg bearing females.
7. The natural color of lobsters is a deep green. Only cooked lobsters are red. The rarest color is blue. Only about one in 2 million lobsters is blue. We are fortunate that there is one of these rare blue lobsters in Falmouth’s own .
8. Scientists tell us that lobsters have 20,000 “eyes,” however, it is said that they have poor vision and communicate by smell and by sensing movement with their antenna.
9. American lobsters, like many crustaceans, have ten swimmerets, or pleopods. Two of them are their giant claws. The rest are used for swimming or crawling along the ocean floor.
10. Lobsters molt. That means they shed their hard shell-like exoskeletons as a new one grows underneath.
11. Besides humans, fish such as flounder and cod, eels, and seals all eat American lobsters. Lobsters are mainly nocturnal and hide from predators under rocks during the day. If confronted by a predator, a lobster will fight aggressively with its claws.
12. American lobsters are prone to disease and infection. Certain types of bacteria are fatal to lobsters and can cause health issues such as black lesions, lethargy, respiratory problems, and death.
13. American lobsters have two urinary bladders in their heads. They use urine to attract mates and alert other lobsters of their whereabouts.
14. American lobsters’ crushing claws can be on the right or the left side, so like humans, lobsters are right or left-handed.
15. Pregnant lobsters are said to be “in berry” because the eggs attached to their bellies look like raspberries.
16. Only 6 percent of lobsters that enter traps get caught. Most eat the bait and eventually find their way free.
17. As they can live extraordinarily long lives and continue to grow with each passing molt, American lobsters have been mythically described as immortal.
18. American lobsters have three stomachs.
19. Lobsters eyes detect shadows and light, but not colors or images. Their stomach contains their “teeth,” a gastric mill that crushes up food. A lobster’s brain is located in its throat and is about the size of a grasshopper’s. Their heart and central nervous system lays in their abdomen. In addition, lobsters “taste” with their feet and “hear” using a series of sensory hairs on their legs!
20. Lobsters are omnivores. They eat mussels, sand fleas, clams, shrimp and sometimes tiny fish. They are slow-moving so they usually hunt slow-moving prey. They grab hold of their prey with their strong claws and squeeze. If they can’t find any of these animals to eat, lobsters eat plants that grow underwater.