17 Simple Rhino Facts

Rhinos

Rhinos are one of the largest representatives of the animal kingdom on the planet, and amaze with their power, strength and unusual appearance. These unique creatures have become a kind of hallmark of Africa, but, in addition to African ones, Asian rhinos also live in nature. And although they differ in size and lifestyle, they are all united by the presence of such a “decoration” as a horn, similar habits, and the fact that all these animals became the object of human hunting, which almost led to their complete disappearance.

rhinoceros with a cub

1. There are 5 species of rhino: the Black Rhino, the White Rhino in sub-Saharan Africa, the Indian Rhino, the Sumatran Rhino, found on the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and the most endangered Javan Rhino, found in the Ujung Kulon National Park on the island of Java in Indonesia.
2. Unlike other species of rhino, the Sumatran rhinoceros is covered in fur.
3. Rhinos are large animals: the white rhino is the largest, weighing up to 2,300 kg (5,000 lb) and the Sumatran is the smallest, weighing 1,000 kg (2,200 lb).
4. Rhinos can reach speeds of up to 50 kilometers per hour (30 miles per hour). Thus, they are the fastest mammals, weighing over 1,000 kg (2,200 lb).
5. The life of the stomach fly depends on the rhinoceros: rhinos contain the larvae of these flies in their stomachs as parasites. The larvae use blood from the intestinal wall to develop.
6. Rhino babies are the most beautiful, black ones always run after their mother, white ones run in front of her. Their gestation period is 16 to 18 months and they can have a calf every 3 years. They can live from 35 to 50 years.
7. They are sociable, although they have a reputation for being shy, solitary, and very territorial. Some studies show that they are most peaceful at night at a watering hole. White rhinos are the most sociable and often gather in groups of up to 15 individuals.
8. The horn of a rhinoceros is made from the same material as its nails, i.e. keratin.
9. The Javan rhinoceros has only one horn, while others have two horns. The horns grow continuously throughout the life of a rhinoceros, with a record length of 5 feet (150 cm).
10. White and Black Rhinos are actually grey.
11. Rhinos can sleep both standing up and lying down.
12. Rhinos can go 4-5 days without drinking.

Rhinoceros and elephant

13. Rhinos communicate through snorts and growls. During encounters, they growl and snort when angry, make alarm sounds and scream when frightened, and mark their territory with feces that visually resemble barrows.
14. The skin of the rhinoceros is very thick, but still sensitive to insect bites and the sun.
15. Rhinos love mud, using it to protect their skin, to moisturize it and prevent insect bites, and to get rid of parasites. Asian rhinos, for example, prefer to do this in the water, as they are excellent swimmers.
16. Rhinos have very poor eyesight and would even have a hard time seeing someone who is only 30 meters (100 feet) away. However, they have a very well developed sense of smell and hearing.
17. At the beginning of the 20th century, about 500,000 rhinos lived in Africa and Asia. Today there are only 30,000 rhinos left living in the wild.